13 September 2010

Mineral-Energy Complex

Development, Part 9

Mineral-Energy Complex

South Africa’s largest centres of material production are in minerals and energy and these two “sectors” are highly interdependent. For example the mineral, coal, is the mainstay of the electricity-generating industry of the country, while electric energy is indispensable to the gold, platinum and other mines.

No question of “development” in South Africa can be properly addressed without reference to the mineral-energy complex.

The SACP’s discussion document “Expanding Democratic Public Control over the Mining Sector” (download linked below) published in the African Communist last Thursday therefore has implications beyond the mining sector, and beyond the energy sector. This document is a window on the way that development - the dynamic dialectical unity-and-struggle-of-opposites otherwise called the class struggle - and its relationship with the state are playing out before our eyes.

It is a remarkable document. Not only is it a theoretical masterpiece, helping us to see clearly what is what and who is who, but it also stands comparison with the best of journalism, because it illuminates the South African situation so well, as a narrative.

We will leave you to download it, if you do not already have it, and to read it and discuss it.

One point only we will highlight, and that is one of the quotations given in the document, which comes from Frederick Engels, on nationalisation, as follows:

“the transformation…into state prop­erty, does not do away with the capitalistic nature of the productive forces… The more it [the bourgeois state] proceeds to the tak­ing over of productive forces, the more does it actually become the national capitalist, the more citizens does it exploit. The work­ers remain wage-workers – proletarians. The capitalist relation is not done away with. It is rather brought to a head.” (En­gels, “Socialism: Utopian and Scientific”, 1880).

The workers in nationalised industries, including teachers, remain proletarians. They sell their labour-power for cash and they have constantly to renegotiate their pay and conditions with an employer who can be as ruthless as any other capitalist.

This is the second last week of the “Development” series. In the remainder of this part we will look at some material on Local Government and on “Local Economic Development”.

The next series on this channel will be “The Classics”, in ten parts. The recent posting here on Solomon Plaatje was a mistake. You may follow that series (African Revolutionary Writers here (CU bog) or here (CU e-mail forum – please join).

Please download and read this document:

Further reading: